You are browsing between the cards of the museum of the phylum: Arthropoda

Card 18/90

Name

Lycosidae

tarantula, wolf spider

Framing

Phylum: Arthropoda

Subphylum: Chelicerata

Class: Arachnida

Order: Araneae

Suborder: Araneomorpha

Family: Lycosidae

Habitat

Terrestrial, epigeal

Feeding

Carnivorous (epigeous arthropods) Predation by other spiders and cannibalism is common

Distribution

Present on all continents

Conservation status

Not evaluated

Additional information

Spider with labidognathic chelicerae. Eyes arranged in three groups: the first group with four small eyes in a frontal position, a pair of large eyes in a frontal position and a pair of slightly smaller rear eyes in a dorso-lateral position. They live in burrows dug into the ground, easily recognizable for having their entrance surrounded by a curb of silk and wisps.

Additional information

Bibliography

- Jones, D. (2004). Guía de campo de los arácnidos de España y de Europa. Omega, Barcelona.

- Planas, E., Fernández-Montraveta, C. & Ribera, C. (2013). Molecular systematics of the wolf spider genus Lycosa (Araneae: Lycosidae) in the western Mediterranean basin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 67, 414-428. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.02.006 

- Rabaneda-Bueno, R., Rodríguez-Gironés, M.A., Aguado, S., Fernández-Montraveta, C., De Mas, E., Wise, D.H. & Moya-Laraño, J. (2008). Sexual cannibalism: High incidence in a natural population with benefits to females. PLoS ONE 3(10): e3484. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003484

- Williams, J.L., Moya-Laraño, J & Wise, D.H. (2006). Burrow decorations as antipredatory devices. Behavioral Ecology, 17, 586-590. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/ark003